Wolfgang Schulze, or Otto Wols, was born on May 27, 1913 in Berlin. In 1930,
Alfred Otto Wolfgang left school to receive a private education.
On July 14,
1932 Alfred Otto Wolfgang traveled to Paris, where he met Hans Arp, Alexander
Calder, Alberto Giacometti, and many other personalities of the Paris theatre,
literature, and art scene. Otto Wols decided to definitively leave Germany in
favor of Paris. Without papers, he was considered stateless and a deserter, a
situation that led to arrests by the police on a number of occasions.
with the help of Fernand LÃ©ger and Georges-Henri RiviÃ¨re, he was given a limited
license to stay in France under the obligation of a monthly notification to the
Paris police. Again without a work permit, Schulze earned his living with
photography. In 1937, his work was exhibited for the first time publically in a
photo gallery named Galerie de la PlÃ©iade.
outbreak of the Second World War, Wols along with many other Germans was
imprisoned as an âenemy foreignerâ held within different French internment
camps. During his internment are born a multitude of surrealist drawings and
his watercolors were exhibited for the first time â and against his will â at the
Galerie RenÃ© Drouin. He becames friends with Jean-Paul Sartre, who would sustain the
artist amid his considerable financial and psychological difficulties.
Alongside his illustrations to texts of the writers Jean Paulhan, Jean-Paul
Sartre, Franz Kafka and Antonin Artaud, an independent graphic work is born.
died in 1951 in Paris.